What is an X-ray?
An X-ray is a quick and painless method used to diagnose many health conditions. The procedure involves exposing part of your body to a small dose of ionising radiation (X-rays).
X-rays can take images of any bone in the body and are also used to look at the heart, lungs and blood vessels. X-rays travel through your body where they are absorbed at different levels by different tissues such as bones, muscles and organs. When the X-rays come out on the other side of your body they hit a photographic film and make a pattern of light and shade.
The images produced are black, white and grey. They are either stored on film or kept in a digital format and shown on a computer screen.
X-rays can be used to look at bones, joints and soft tissues. They can be used to check:
bones for fractures or infection
joints for damage or inflammation
soft tissues and organs for signs of disease
Having an X-ray
A specialist trained radiographer will position you on a table in an X-ray room. He will then place a film holder or digital recording plate under the area that’s being X-rayed. He will then walk behind a wall or into the next room to activate the X-ray machine. The whole procedure is painless and is usually completed within five to ten minutes.
What is an ultrasound scan?
Ultrasound uses high frequency sound waves to create pictures of the inside of the body. It can show internal organs as well as blood flow, and as a result ultrasound is used to look for any changes in organs and tissue.
Having an ultrasound
For an ultrasound scan you will be asked to lie on a table, usually facing upwards. A clear gel will be applied to the area of the body being examined, which helps the machine to make secure contact with the body. Dr Udeshi will move the ultrasound probe over the area of interest to get a picture.
Ultrasound is used for a variety of investigations
Ultrasound may be used to examine the prostate gland. It can help identify abnormal growths and whether or not the prostate is enlarged. Ultrasound can also be used to check for any abnormalities of the testes.
Uterus, ovaries and breast
Ultrasound is used to look at the breast to identify any suspicious lumps. and to examine the uterus and ovaries for abnormalities.
Ultrasound is also used to help identify tumours, cysts or gallstones in organs such as the gall bladder, liver, kidneys, pancreas and bladder.
Ultrasound can help diagnose tears in muscles and tendons, look at bleeding or fluid in muscles and joints and examine ligaments and soft tissue.
Assisting in complex surgical procedures
Ultrasound is also used to guide procedures such as needle biopsies as it produces a clear image of the affected area.